A recent study by Monica Whitty, examined several psychological characteristics which she suggested might be important in predicting whether someone may be likely to fall victim to being scammed.
In fact, the opposite was the case with better educated people more likely to be scammed.
Previous research by Fisher, Lea and Evans (2013) suggested that overconfidence may cause people to be more vulnerable and therefore it may be the case that better educated individuals are confident that they can identify a scam whereas in reality they cannot.
Furthermore, it is females who are middle aged who are also likely to be more vulnerable.
The findings from this research provide insight into the types of people likely to become scam victims, and have implications for scam awareness and scam prevention.
Thirdly, the research revealed that individuals who have an addictive personality are more likely to be the victims of romance scams.
Whitty suggests that people get involved in scams because they become addicted to the scam itself.
Secondly, respondents who scored high on trust in others were more likely to be the victims of dating scams.
This really speaks for itself in that trusting and possibly even gullible people are more likely to be victims of dating scams.
There are many benefits to online dating which include access to a large number of possible dates, on some sites a potential matching system which might align people with compatible dates, and the possibility of communicating with these dates before meeting them in person (Finkel, Eastwick, Karney, Reis, & Sprecher, 2012).